Laying Ceramic Floor Tiles
Ceramic floor tiles are an ideal floor covering for both kitchens or bathrooms and can also be used in conservatories and high traffic areas like hallways. There are also a few benefits of having ceramic tiles, they are easy to clean and they are very durable.
So in this post you may have guessed I am going to go over how to lay ceramic floor tiles.
DIY Tools you will need for laying floor tiles
- Notched Trowel or Spreader
- Tile Cutter or Diamond wheel cutter
- Grout Spreader
- Spirit Level
DIY Materials you will need for laying floor tiles
- Floor Tile Adhesive
- The Floor Tiles
- Plastic Tile Spacers
- A Damp Sponge
- Floor Tile Grout
- Flexible Sealant
Buying floor tiles
Tiles are sold in packs and the size of the tiles and the number of tiles in a pack will determine the surface area that the tiles will cover.
DIY Focus tip – work out the area of floor and round up to get the correct number of tiles to cover the area
Preparing floor for tiling
Ceramic tiles can be laid directly on a concrete floor as long as it is level. To lay tiles on a wooden floor the wooden floor must be strengthened with 13mm thick plywood. For the best results choose a tile adhesive that is suited to the surface that you are laying the tiles on.
Positioning the tiles
The first tile determines the position of all the other tiles so it is key that this tile is positioned correctly. Don't start by laying tiles up against a wall the best option is to start laying tiles in the centre of the room and work your way towards the edges. This will help to ensure that your design remains symmetrical.
Positioning the first tile
Find the centre of the room and lay out a dry row of tiles towards the edge make sure that you don't have thin piece of tile at the edge as this will look strange up beside the skirting board. Repeat in the opposite direction until you are happy with the edges. You are now ready to start tiling.
Laying the floor tiles
Starting in the centre of the room pour out enough adhesive to cover roughly a square meter of floor. Spread the adhesive using a notched trowel or spreader. Place the key tile in position give it a wiggle to ensure that it sticks in place. Fit a plastic tile spacer at the edge of the tile and move onto the next tile. It is always a good plan to have a spirit level handy as the last thing you want is an uneven surface.
Repeat this process until you reach the edge of the room where you need to cut and lay the edge tiles. Using the damp sponge wipe down the tiles to remove any excess adhesive.
Check you don't have a collection of adhesive at the edges and leave the tiles for 24 hours before tiling the edges.
Laying the edge tiles
measure up the edge tiles and mark with chalk where you need to cut the tile, using your tile cutter cut the tile just short of the line to allow space for grout and sealant. Lay the edge tiles on top of some fresh adhesive and leave for 24 hours.
Grouting the floor tiles
Once you are sure that the tile adhesive has set mix up the tile grout into a paste following the instructions, spread the grout over the tiles using a grout spreader. Once the grout begins to set use a striking tool to compact the grout, wipe the floor down with a damp cloth and seal the edges with the sealant to ensure the tiles are waterproof.
I hope you have found this guide to laying ceramic floor tiles useful, as ever if you have any tips or questions please do not hesitate to comment below.